/* Convert a `struct tm' to a time_t value.
Copyright (C) 1993-1999, 2002-2004, 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of the GNU C Library.
Contributed by Paul Eggert (eggert@twinsun.com).
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA. */
/* Define this to have a standalone program to test this implementation of
mktime. */
/* #define DEBUG 1 */
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include
#endif
/* Assume that leap seconds are possible, unless told otherwise.
If the host has a `zic' command with a `-L leapsecondfilename' option,
then it supports leap seconds; otherwise it probably doesn't. */
#ifndef LEAP_SECONDS_POSSIBLE
# define LEAP_SECONDS_POSSIBLE 1
#endif
#include /* Some systems define `time_t' here. */
#include
#include
#include /* For the real memcpy prototype. */
#if DEBUG
# include
# include
/* Make it work even if the system's libc has its own mktime routine. */
# define mktime my_mktime
#endif /* DEBUG */
/* Shift A right by B bits portably, by dividing A by 2**B and
truncating towards minus infinity. A and B should be free of side
effects, and B should be in the range 0 <= B <= INT_BITS - 2, where
INT_BITS is the number of useful bits in an int. GNU code can
assume that INT_BITS is at least 32.
ISO C99 says that A >> B is implementation-defined if A < 0. Some
implementations (e.g., UNICOS 9.0 on a Cray Y-MP EL) don't shift
right in the usual way when A < 0, so SHR falls back on division if
ordinary A >> B doesn't seem to be the usual signed shift. */
#define SHR(a, b) \
(-1 >> 1 == -1 \
? (a) >> (b) \
: (a) / (1 << (b)) - ((a) % (1 << (b)) < 0))
/* The extra casts in the following macros work around compiler bugs,
e.g., in Cray C 5.0.3.0. */
/* True if the arithmetic type T is an integer type. bool counts as
an integer. */
#define TYPE_IS_INTEGER(t) ((t) 1.5 == 1)
/* True if negative values of the signed integer type T use two's
complement, ones' complement, or signed magnitude representation,
respectively. Much GNU code assumes two's complement, but some
people like to be portable to all possible C hosts. */
#define TYPE_TWOS_COMPLEMENT(t) ((t) ~ (t) 0 == (t) -1)
#define TYPE_ONES_COMPLEMENT(t) ((t) ~ (t) 0 == 0)
#define TYPE_SIGNED_MAGNITUDE(t) ((t) ~ (t) 0 < (t) -1)
/* True if the arithmetic type T is signed. */
#define TYPE_SIGNED(t) (! ((t) 0 < (t) -1))
/* The maximum and minimum values for the integer type T. These
macros have undefined behavior if T is signed and has padding bits.
If this is a problem for you, please let us know how to fix it for
your host. */
#define TYPE_MINIMUM(t) \
((t) (! TYPE_SIGNED (t) \
? (t) 0 \
: TYPE_SIGNED_MAGNITUDE (t) \
? ~ (t) 0 \
: ~ (t) 0 << (sizeof (t) * CHAR_BIT - 1)))
#define TYPE_MAXIMUM(t) \
((t) (! TYPE_SIGNED (t) \
? (t) -1 \
: ~ (~ (t) 0 << (sizeof (t) * CHAR_BIT - 1))))
#ifndef TIME_T_MIN
# define TIME_T_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (time_t)
#endif
#ifndef TIME_T_MAX
# define TIME_T_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (time_t)
#endif
#define TIME_T_MIDPOINT (SHR (TIME_T_MIN + TIME_T_MAX, 1) + 1)
/* Verify a requirement at compile-time (unlike assert, which is runtime). */
#define verify(name, assertion) struct name { char a[(assertion) ? 1 : -1]; }
verify (time_t_is_integer, TYPE_IS_INTEGER (time_t));
verify (twos_complement_arithmetic, TYPE_TWOS_COMPLEMENT (int));
/* The code also assumes that signed integer overflow silently wraps
around, but this assumption can't be stated without causing a
diagnostic on some hosts. */
#define EPOCH_YEAR 1970
#define TM_YEAR_BASE 1900
verify (base_year_is_a_multiple_of_100, TM_YEAR_BASE % 100 == 0);
/* Return 1 if YEAR + TM_YEAR_BASE is a leap year. */
static inline int
leapyear (long int year)
{
/* Don't add YEAR to TM_YEAR_BASE, as that might overflow.
Also, work even if YEAR is negative. */
return
((year & 3) == 0
&& (year % 100 != 0
|| ((year / 100) & 3) == (- (TM_YEAR_BASE / 100) & 3)));
}
/* How many days come before each month (0-12). */
#ifndef _LIBC
static
#endif
const unsigned short int __mon_yday[2][13] =
{
/* Normal years. */
{ 0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 365 },
/* Leap years. */
{ 0, 31, 60, 91, 121, 152, 182, 213, 244, 274, 305, 335, 366 }
};
#ifndef _LIBC
/* Portable standalone applications should supply a "time_r.h" that
declares a POSIX-compliant localtime_r, for the benefit of older
implementations that lack localtime_r or have a nonstandard one.
See the gnulib time_r module for one way to implement this. */
# include "time_r.h"
# undef __localtime_r
# define __localtime_r localtime_r
# define __mktime_internal mktime_internal
#endif
/* Return an integer value measuring (YEAR1-YDAY1 HOUR1:MIN1:SEC1) -
(YEAR0-YDAY0 HOUR0:MIN0:SEC0) in seconds, assuming that the clocks
were not adjusted between the time stamps.
The YEAR values uses the same numbering as TP->tm_year. Values
need not be in the usual range. However, YEAR1 must not be less
than 2 * INT_MIN or greater than 2 * INT_MAX.
The result may overflow. It is the caller's responsibility to
detect overflow. */
static inline time_t
ydhms_diff (long int year1, long int yday1, int hour1, int min1, int sec1,
int year0, int yday0, int hour0, int min0, int sec0)
{
verify (C99_integer_division, -1 / 2 == 0);
verify (long_int_year_and_yday_are_wide_enough,
INT_MAX <= LONG_MAX / 2 || TIME_T_MAX <= UINT_MAX);
/* Compute intervening leap days correctly even if year is negative.
Take care to avoid integer overflow here. */
int a4 = SHR (year1, 2) + SHR (TM_YEAR_BASE, 2) - ! (year1 & 3);
int b4 = SHR (year0, 2) + SHR (TM_YEAR_BASE, 2) - ! (year0 & 3);
int a100 = a4 / 25 - (a4 % 25 < 0);
int b100 = b4 / 25 - (b4 % 25 < 0);
int a400 = SHR (a100, 2);
int b400 = SHR (b100, 2);
int intervening_leap_days = (a4 - b4) - (a100 - b100) + (a400 - b400);
/* Compute the desired time in time_t precision. Overflow might
occur here. */
time_t tyear1 = year1;
time_t years = tyear1 - year0;
time_t days = 365 * years + yday1 - yday0 + intervening_leap_days;
time_t hours = 24 * days + hour1 - hour0;
time_t minutes = 60 * hours + min1 - min0;
time_t seconds = 60 * minutes + sec1 - sec0;
return seconds;
}
/* Return a time_t value corresponding to (YEAR-YDAY HOUR:MIN:SEC),
assuming that *T corresponds to *TP and that no clock adjustments
occurred between *TP and the desired time.
If TP is null, return a value not equal to *T; this avoids false matches.
If overflow occurs, yield the minimal or maximal value, except do not
yield a value equal to *T. */
static time_t
guess_time_tm (long int year, long int yday, int hour, int min, int sec,
const time_t *t, const struct tm *tp)
{
if (tp)
{
time_t d = ydhms_diff (year, yday, hour, min, sec,
tp->tm_year, tp->tm_yday,
tp->tm_hour, tp->tm_min, tp->tm_sec);
time_t t1 = *t + d;
if ((t1 < *t) == (TYPE_SIGNED (time_t) ? d < 0 : TIME_T_MAX / 2 < d))
return t1;
}
/* Overflow occurred one way or another. Return the nearest result
that is actually in range, except don't report a zero difference
if the actual difference is nonzero, as that would cause a false
match. */
return (*t < TIME_T_MIDPOINT
? TIME_T_MIN + (*t == TIME_T_MIN)
: TIME_T_MAX - (*t == TIME_T_MAX));
}
/* Use CONVERT to convert *T to a broken down time in *TP.
If *T is out of range for conversion, adjust it so that
it is the nearest in-range value and then convert that. */
static struct tm *
ranged_convert (struct tm *(*convert) (const time_t *, struct tm *),
time_t *t, struct tm *tp)
{
struct tm *r = convert (t, tp);
if (!r && *t)
{
time_t bad = *t;
time_t ok = 0;
/* BAD is a known unconvertible time_t, and OK is a known good one.
Use binary search to narrow the range between BAD and OK until
they differ by 1. */
while (bad != ok + (bad < 0 ? -1 : 1))
{
time_t mid = *t = (bad < 0
? bad + ((ok - bad) >> 1)
: ok + ((bad - ok) >> 1));
r = convert (t, tp);
if (r)
ok = mid;
else
bad = mid;
}
if (!r && ok)
{
/* The last conversion attempt failed;
revert to the most recent successful attempt. */
*t = ok;
r = convert (t, tp);
}
}
return r;
}
/* Convert *TP to a time_t value, inverting
the monotonic and mostly-unit-linear conversion function CONVERT.
Use *OFFSET to keep track of a guess at the offset of the result,
compared to what the result would be for UTC without leap seconds.
If *OFFSET's guess is correct, only one CONVERT call is needed.
This function is external because it is used also by timegm.c. */
time_t
__mktime_internal (struct tm *tp,
struct tm *(*convert) (const time_t *, struct tm *),
time_t *offset)
{
time_t t, gt, t0, t1, t2;
struct tm tm;
/* The maximum number of probes (calls to CONVERT) should be enough
to handle any combinations of time zone rule changes, solar time,
leap seconds, and oscillations around a spring-forward gap.
POSIX.1 prohibits leap seconds, but some hosts have them anyway. */
int remaining_probes = 6;
/* Time requested. Copy it in case CONVERT modifies *TP; this can
occur if TP is localtime's returned value and CONVERT is localtime. */
int sec = tp->tm_sec;
int min = tp->tm_min;
int hour = tp->tm_hour;
int mday = tp->tm_mday;
int mon = tp->tm_mon;
int year_requested = tp->tm_year;
int isdst = tp->tm_isdst;
/* 1 if the previous probe was DST. */
int dst2;
/* Ensure that mon is in range, and set year accordingly. */
int mon_remainder = mon % 12;
int negative_mon_remainder = mon_remainder < 0;
int mon_years = mon / 12 - negative_mon_remainder;
long int lyear_requested = year_requested;
long int year = lyear_requested + mon_years;
/* The other values need not be in range:
the remaining code handles minor overflows correctly,
assuming int and time_t arithmetic wraps around.
Major overflows are caught at the end. */
/* Calculate day of year from year, month, and day of month.
The result need not be in range. */
int mon_yday = ((__mon_yday[leapyear (year)]
[mon_remainder + 12 * negative_mon_remainder])
- 1);
long int lmday = mday;
long int yday = mon_yday + lmday;
time_t guessed_offset = *offset;
int sec_requested = sec;
if (LEAP_SECONDS_POSSIBLE)
{
/* Handle out-of-range seconds specially,
since ydhms_tm_diff assumes every minute has 60 seconds. */
if (sec < 0)
sec = 0;
if (59 < sec)
sec = 59;
}
/* Invert CONVERT by probing. First assume the same offset as last
time. */
t0 = ydhms_diff (year, yday, hour, min, sec,
EPOCH_YEAR - TM_YEAR_BASE, 0, 0, 0, - guessed_offset);
if (TIME_T_MAX / INT_MAX / 366 / 24 / 60 / 60 < 3)
{
/* time_t isn't large enough to rule out overflows, so check
for major overflows. A gross check suffices, since if t0
has overflowed, it is off by a multiple of TIME_T_MAX -
TIME_T_MIN + 1. So ignore any component of the difference
that is bounded by a small value. */
/* Approximate log base 2 of the number of time units per
biennium. A biennium is 2 years; use this unit instead of
years to avoid integer overflow. For example, 2 average
Gregorian years are 2 * 365.2425 * 24 * 60 * 60 seconds,
which is 63113904 seconds, and rint (log2 (63113904)) is
26. */
int ALOG2_SECONDS_PER_BIENNIUM = 26;
int ALOG2_MINUTES_PER_BIENNIUM = 20;
int ALOG2_HOURS_PER_BIENNIUM = 14;
int ALOG2_DAYS_PER_BIENNIUM = 10;
int LOG2_YEARS_PER_BIENNIUM = 1;
int approx_requested_biennia =
(SHR (year_requested, LOG2_YEARS_PER_BIENNIUM)
- SHR (EPOCH_YEAR - TM_YEAR_BASE, LOG2_YEARS_PER_BIENNIUM)
+ SHR (mday, ALOG2_DAYS_PER_BIENNIUM)
+ SHR (hour, ALOG2_HOURS_PER_BIENNIUM)
+ SHR (min, ALOG2_MINUTES_PER_BIENNIUM)
+ (LEAP_SECONDS_POSSIBLE
? 0
: SHR (sec, ALOG2_SECONDS_PER_BIENNIUM)));
int approx_biennia = SHR (t0, ALOG2_SECONDS_PER_BIENNIUM);
int diff = approx_biennia - approx_requested_biennia;
int abs_diff = diff < 0 ? - diff : diff;
/* IRIX 4.0.5 cc miscaculates TIME_T_MIN / 3: it erroneously
gives a positive value of 715827882. Setting a variable
first then doing math on it seems to work.
(ghazi@caip.rutgers.edu) */
time_t time_t_max = TIME_T_MAX;
time_t time_t_min = TIME_T_MIN;
time_t overflow_threshold =
(time_t_max / 3 - time_t_min / 3) >> ALOG2_SECONDS_PER_BIENNIUM;
if (overflow_threshold < abs_diff)
{
/* Overflow occurred. Try repairing it; this might work if
the time zone offset is enough to undo the overflow. */
time_t repaired_t0 = -1 - t0;
approx_biennia = SHR (repaired_t0, ALOG2_SECONDS_PER_BIENNIUM);
diff = approx_biennia - approx_requested_biennia;
abs_diff = diff < 0 ? - diff : diff;
if (overflow_threshold < abs_diff)
return -1;
guessed_offset += repaired_t0 - t0;
t0 = repaired_t0;
}
}
/* Repeatedly use the error to improve the guess. */
for (t = t1 = t2 = t0, dst2 = 0;
(gt = guess_time_tm (year, yday, hour, min, sec, &t,
ranged_convert (convert, &t, &tm)),
t != gt);
t1 = t2, t2 = t, t = gt, dst2 = tm.tm_isdst != 0)
if (t == t1 && t != t2
&& (tm.tm_isdst < 0
|| (isdst < 0
? dst2 <= (tm.tm_isdst != 0)
: (isdst != 0) != (tm.tm_isdst != 0))))
/* We can't possibly find a match, as we are oscillating
between two values. The requested time probably falls
within a spring-forward gap of size GT - T. Follow the common
practice in this case, which is to return a time that is GT - T
away from the requested time, preferring a time whose
tm_isdst differs from the requested value. (If no tm_isdst
was requested and only one of the two values has a nonzero
tm_isdst, prefer that value.) In practice, this is more
useful than returning -1. */
goto offset_found;
else if (--remaining_probes == 0)
return -1;
/* We have a match. Check whether tm.tm_isdst has the requested
value, if any. */
if (isdst != tm.tm_isdst && 0 <= isdst && 0 <= tm.tm_isdst)
{
/* tm.tm_isdst has the wrong value. Look for a neighboring
time with the right value, and use its UTC offset.
Heuristic: probe the adjacent timestamps in both directions,
looking for the desired isdst. This should work for all real
time zone histories in the tz database. */
/* Distance between probes when looking for a DST boundary. In
tzdata2003a, the shortest period of DST is 601200 seconds
(e.g., America/Recife starting 2000-10-08 01:00), and the
shortest period of non-DST surrounded by DST is 694800
seconds (Africa/Tunis starting 1943-04-17 01:00). Use the
minimum of these two values, so we don't miss these short
periods when probing. */
int stride = 601200;
/* The longest period of DST in tzdata2003a is 536454000 seconds
(e.g., America/Jujuy starting 1946-10-01 01:00). The longest
period of non-DST is much longer, but it makes no real sense
to search for more than a year of non-DST, so use the DST
max. */
int duration_max = 536454000;
/* Search in both directions, so the maximum distance is half
the duration; add the stride to avoid off-by-1 problems. */
int delta_bound = duration_max / 2 + stride;
int delta, direction;
for (delta = stride; delta < delta_bound; delta += stride)
for (direction = -1; direction <= 1; direction += 2)
{
time_t ot = t + delta * direction;
if ((ot < t) == (direction < 0))
{
struct tm otm;
ranged_convert (convert, &ot, &otm);
if (otm.tm_isdst == isdst)
{
/* We found the desired tm_isdst.
Extrapolate back to the desired time. */
t = guess_time_tm (year, yday, hour, min, sec, &ot, &otm);
ranged_convert (convert, &t, &tm);
goto offset_found;
}
}
}
}
offset_found:
*offset = guessed_offset + t - t0;
if (LEAP_SECONDS_POSSIBLE && sec_requested != tm.tm_sec)
{
/* Adjust time to reflect the tm_sec requested, not the normalized value.
Also, repair any damage from a false match due to a leap second. */
int sec_adjustment = (sec == 0 && tm.tm_sec == 60) - sec;
t1 = t + sec_requested;
t2 = t1 + sec_adjustment;
if (((t1 < t) != (sec_requested < 0))
| ((t2 < t1) != (sec_adjustment < 0))
| ! convert (&t2, &tm))
return -1;
t = t2;
}
*tp = tm;
return t;
}
/* FIXME: This should use a signed type wide enough to hold any UTC
offset in seconds. 'int' should be good enough for GNU code. We
can't fix this unilaterally though, as other modules invoke
__mktime_internal. */
static time_t localtime_offset;
/* Convert *TP to a time_t value. */
time_t
mktime (struct tm *tp)
{
#ifdef _LIBC
/* POSIX.1 8.1.1 requires that whenever mktime() is called, the
time zone names contained in the external variable `tzname' shall
be set as if the tzset() function had been called. */
__tzset ();
#endif
return __mktime_internal (tp, __localtime_r, &localtime_offset);
}
#ifdef weak_alias
weak_alias (mktime, timelocal)
#endif
#ifdef _LIBC
libc_hidden_def (mktime)
libc_hidden_weak (timelocal)
#endif
#if DEBUG
static int
not_equal_tm (const struct tm *a, const struct tm *b)
{
return ((a->tm_sec ^ b->tm_sec)
| (a->tm_min ^ b->tm_min)
| (a->tm_hour ^ b->tm_hour)
| (a->tm_mday ^ b->tm_mday)
| (a->tm_mon ^ b->tm_mon)
| (a->tm_year ^ b->tm_year)
| (a->tm_yday ^ b->tm_yday)
| (a->tm_isdst ^ b->tm_isdst));
}
static void
print_tm (const struct tm *tp)
{
if (tp)
printf ("%04d-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d yday %03d wday %d isdst %d",
tp->tm_year + TM_YEAR_BASE, tp->tm_mon + 1, tp->tm_mday,
tp->tm_hour, tp->tm_min, tp->tm_sec,
tp->tm_yday, tp->tm_wday, tp->tm_isdst);
else
printf ("0");
}
static int
check_result (time_t tk, struct tm tmk, time_t tl, const struct tm *lt)
{
if (tk != tl || !lt || not_equal_tm (&tmk, lt))
{
printf ("mktime (");
print_tm (lt);
printf (")\nyields (");
print_tm (&tmk);
printf (") == %ld, should be %ld\n", (long int) tk, (long int) tl);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
int status = 0;
struct tm tm, tmk, tml;
struct tm *lt;
time_t tk, tl, tl1;
char trailer;
if ((argc == 3 || argc == 4)
&& (sscanf (argv[1], "%d-%d-%d%c",
&tm.tm_year, &tm.tm_mon, &tm.tm_mday, &trailer)
== 3)
&& (sscanf (argv[2], "%d:%d:%d%c",
&tm.tm_hour, &tm.tm_min, &tm.tm_sec, &trailer)
== 3))
{
tm.tm_year -= TM_YEAR_BASE;
tm.tm_mon--;
tm.tm_isdst = argc == 3 ? -1 : atoi (argv[3]);
tmk = tm;
tl = mktime (&tmk);
lt = localtime (&tl);
if (lt)
{
tml = *lt;
lt = &tml;
}
printf ("mktime returns %ld == ", (long int) tl);
print_tm (&tmk);
printf ("\n");
status = check_result (tl, tmk, tl, lt);
}
else if (argc == 4 || (argc == 5 && strcmp (argv[4], "-") == 0))
{
time_t from = atol (argv[1]);
time_t by = atol (argv[2]);
time_t to = atol (argv[3]);
if (argc == 4)
for (tl = from; by < 0 ? to <= tl : tl <= to; tl = tl1)
{
lt = localtime (&tl);
if (lt)
{
tmk = tml = *lt;
tk = mktime (&tmk);
status |= check_result (tk, tmk, tl, &tml);
}
else
{
printf ("localtime (%ld) yields 0\n", (long int) tl);
status = 1;
}
tl1 = tl + by;
if ((tl1 < tl) != (by < 0))
break;
}
else
for (tl = from; by < 0 ? to <= tl : tl <= to; tl = tl1)
{
/* Null benchmark. */
lt = localtime (&tl);
if (lt)
{
tmk = tml = *lt;
tk = tl;
status |= check_result (tk, tmk, tl, &tml);
}
else
{
printf ("localtime (%ld) yields 0\n", (long int) tl);
status = 1;
}
tl1 = tl + by;
if ((tl1 < tl) != (by < 0))
break;
}
}
else
printf ("Usage:\
\t%s YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS [ISDST] # Test given time.\n\
\t%s FROM BY TO # Test values FROM, FROM+BY, ..., TO.\n\
\t%s FROM BY TO - # Do not test those values (for benchmark).\n",
argv[0], argv[0], argv[0]);
return status;
}
#endif /* DEBUG */
/*
Local Variables:
compile-command: "gcc -DDEBUG -Wall -W -O -g mktime.c -o mktime"
End:
*/